Client Info

Table of Contents

Adrenal Insufficiency

Lea adrenal insuff interview cp

Insufficient cortisol secretion by the adrenal cortex (also called Atypical Addison’s Disease) results in a bewildering array of signs, and a pet that is just not right. The clinical signs are non-specific and vary in intensity from severe acute illness to decreased activity. Signs may be intermittent such as episodes of vomiting and diarrhea that respond to supportive therapy. Signs that may be continuous or intermittent and varying in severity include decreased activity level to lethargy, decreased or picky appetite and/or failure to gain weight. The diagnosis is challenging, and it is a difficult condition to understand. The therapy is very rewarding and straightforward depending upon patient individualization and response. Dr. Lea Stogdale was interviewed by Dr. Karen Becker about this complex but important topic.

Best Dog’s Choice Video

This video is really worth watching. Click here to see it.

Note: Aesops does not endorse sugar beverages.

Just for fun- Cowboys herding cats

Cat Litter – It’s Really Important

We want our feline friends to use their litter boxes. We want our cats to love their litter boxes, or at least to like them, and to use them all the time. Inappropriate elimination is a major cause of owner stress, time, expense and occasionally results in the worst decision — euthanasia.

Basic litter box considerations

Number — At least as many litter boxes as you have cats. Sometimes an additional litter box is advisable especially if there is a power imbalance between the cats.

Size – The litter boxes should be at least double the body length of your largest cat. Large plastic storage bins make excellent supersize litter boxes for our big boys.

cat litter boxes combined

Covered litter boxes – Only the owners like these. Most cats prefer their litter boxes uncovered. Remove the cover.

Location – Somewhere quiet and undisturbed. Old, arthritic or unwell cats need their litter box brought upstairs from the basement, and placed in a convenient place that’s easy for them to get to. Sometimes, you need to place the litter boxes in two locations, especially if one cat dominants another.

Cleaning – Cats, male and female, prefer clean litter boxes. Feces need to be scooped at least daily. Some female cats are very particular and will not use the litter box if there are any feces in it. Most owners find that changing the litter once to twice a week is adequate. Wash the litter box with a brush, running water and a little soap. Do not use bleach or any cleaning chemicals – they can be either irritant or toxic to cats.

Litter types 

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There are many litter types available including clay/gravel, pelleted and clumping. Cats
generally prefer gravel litter to any other type. Owners generally prefer clumping litter. Medically, pelleted litter causes the least problems. For your cat’s health and your health, you are better NOT to use dusty litter or scented litter (choose a dust-free, unscented variety).

Clay/Gravel – this is preferred by most cats but by few owners. Choose no dust and non-scented, available at pet stores and supermarkets.

Pelleted litter – this may be made from newspaper, corn, alfalfa or pine. Pelleted litter is usually tracked less through your house. The wood pellets (sawdust that is pelleted) absorbs the smells from the urine and feces very well. All these can be composted. If your cats are happy with the pelleted litter, you may wish to try “Pet Bedding” pine pellets from Rona (large bags that are very economical [$6-7 for a large bag] but not the choice of some cats).

Clumping litter – this is preferred by many cats and most owners. Clumping cat litter can cause medical problems. These include asthma, skin irritation, vomiting and/or constipation. Never, ever put clumping cat litter down your toilet or any drain – this is a make-work project for plumbers.

Keeping your Dog’s Teeth Clean

Dental hygiene = clean teeth = improved health for your Dog and Cat

Dental tartar causes gum disease, gingivitis and bad breath. If allowed to progress it results in teeth loss and gum infection. Bacteria from infected gums enter the blood stream and damage the heart, liver and kidneys. Dental tartar and gingivitis are bad for your dog or cat.

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Dental tartar build-up is strongly influenced by inheritance. Small and medium sized dogs have worse tartar than large breeds due to genetics, and they tend to chew less. Dental tartar tends to worsen with age and with certain diseases, especially diabetes and kidney disease. If your dog will allow you to brush his teeth, use regular or children’s toothpaste and concentrate on the front teeth (which are used less for chewing). Don’t even think about brushing your dog’s teeth if he does not like you fiddling with his mouth, or if his gums are sensitive.

The best way to KEEP your dog’s teeth clean is to encourage him to chew on bones (yes, real bones) at least twice a week.

Encourage your dog to chew on large bones or solid rolled rawhide chews under your supervision. All chewing bones, rawhides or toys MUST be sufficiently large that your dog cannot chew off and swallow a chunk. This could become stuck in the esophagus or intestines, causing an obstruction that requires major surgery. However, chewing on bones is the most effective way of keeping your dog’s teeth clean. Your dog should chew on and crunch up bones (to bone dust) but NOT swallow chunks of bone.

Appropriate large bones include knuckle bones and flat bones, not marrow bones or antlers. Marrow bones contain bone marrow which is predominantly fat that can cause unset stomach and pancreatitis. Marrow bones (long bones) and antlers are very hard and can cause broken teeth.

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Marrow bones 3.jpg
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Other good things for dogs to chew are bully sticks (dried ligament that acts like flossing teeth) and Whimzees dog chew treats. These are available at most pet stores.

If your dog is not interested in chewing on bones, withhold food for a day and give him bones for supper – under your supervision. Adding flavour to a bone may re-invigorate it for your dog- smear on a small amount of peanut butter or cheese. Some dogs, especially small ones, refuse to chew on anything. These patients may require an occasional dental cleaning under anaesthesia.

Keeping Your Cat’s Teeth Clean

cat tartar uk vet

Dental tartar build-up is strongly influenced by inheritance. Dental tartar tends to worsen with age and with certain diseases, especially diabetes and kidney disease.

Don’t even think about brushing your cat’s teeth. Most cats do not like you fiddling with their mouth. Attempts to brush your kitty’s teeth are usually unsuccessful and a source of stress for both you and your feline companion.

It was often thought that dry cat food helps to clean teeth. However, dry cat food has marginal tartar fighting properties. Many cats hardly chew their kibble at all, swallowing the pieces whole. The grain based composition of dry cat food makes it similar to hard cookies that we eat (ginger nut snaps, for example). Cookies don’t clean our teeth; dry cat food doesn’t clean cats’ teeth.

Cats, when eating their natural prey, tear their food into manageable chunks, then swallow the chunks whole. They will then gnaw at the bones. It’s the tearing of the meat and the gnawing on the bones that clean teeth, not crunching on cookies.

The best way to KEEP your cat’s teeth clean is to encourage him to chew on bones (yes, real bones) at least twice a week.

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It is my recommendation that you add some raw or cooked bones such as chicken or   turkey, necks or backs or wings to your cats’ diets. This is a very effective way for your pet to clean their teeth. Under supervision, initially, you can give your cat any and all chicken, turkey, chop and steak bones – all the bones that you would not allow your dog to chew. Cats chew on bones like we do – they crunch them up. They don’t swallow whole bones; they don’t get intestinal obstructions from bones.

If your cat won’t chew on bones (and some won’t right away) try feeding bones when your cat is hungry at dinnertime. Offer the bones first, then feed their regular meal. You need to supervise the bone chewing session initially for those cats who have never had bones before.

Beef lung treat

Many cats will chew and enjoy dehydrated beef lung, available from pet stores. Give one piece twice a day.

Chewing on bones twice a week is the best way of keeping your pet’s teeth clean all the time. When we do a dental cleaning, the teeth are clean for several months and then the tartar gradually builds up and gingivitis develops, until the next cleaning.

Collecting your Pet’s urine sample 

Analyzing your dog or cat’s urine is often very important for evaluating a medical condition or progress.

The best sample to test is the first morning sample (accumulated overnight) unless otherwise advised. Place into a clean container such as a pill bottle or film canister. Do NOT use a jam or honey jar – even when well cleaned the sugar shows positive on our tests.

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To collect your dog’s urine, take him or her outside on a leash first thing in the morning. While he or she is urinating, collect some in a clean container. With small dogs, using a soup ladle for collection can make it easier to collect the urine without having to crawl on the ground or disturb your pet.

We only require a couple of teaspoons of urine. We do need more that a few drops. We do not need the whole sample. We do not require that the sample is mid-stream.

To collect your cat’s urine – good luck. Usually we have to collect urine from cats. Some owners can use ‘No-Sorb’ in the litter box at home. These are plastic pellets that are placed into a clean litter box; available from veterinarians. Some cats will use the ‘No-Sorb’ while others will not. And we don’t want to cause your cat to urinate outside the litter box.

Do’s and Don’ts for accurate results 

Do not get any snow into the urine.
Do not use a jam jar, even a clean one.

Do use a water tight container so that the urine does not spill or leak out.
Do label the container with your name, your pet’s name and the date.
Do deliver the urine to the vet hospital within a few hours of collection.

Estrogen Creams & Sprays – From Human to Dog

woman holding chihuaha cp

Estrogen creams or sprays are used instead of tablets for Hormone Replacement Therapy in women under specific circumstances. These can be absorbed by dogs causing problems. Typically, the dog is small and male, spends quite a lot of time close to the woman and/or licks her skin. The result is prostatic enlargement and recurrent urinary tract infections. The diagnosis is challenging for veterinarians, and the topic has recently been discussed on the listserve of the specialists in veterinary internal medicine (of which Dr. Lea Stogdale is a member). The challenges to diagnosis include knowledge of the problem, asking the client personal questions, finding that the prostate is enlarged, obtaining cells from the prostate in a very small patient, and treating a persistent and drug-resistant bacterial infection. The solution is to avoid the dog’s exposure by applying the cream or spray to “less accessible regions.”

Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Large Breed Dogs

The association of Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) in large breed dogs (all giant breeds, dobermans, golden retrievers, airedales, boxers, bulldogs, cocker spaniels and German shorthair pointers) with feeding no grain dog food is still not clear. Only some dogs with DCM have low blood taurine levels. There is some association with feeding dry dog foods containing soy, lentils, peas and chickpeas.

If you are feeding a no grain diet to a predisposed breed, then, just to be on the safe side, add taurine. Taurine is available from health food stores or sport supplement stores. Daily add 500 mg if your dog is under 50 lb or 1000 mg if your dog is larger.

Raw meat contains lots of taurine, and raw meat complete and balanced diets do not contain soy, lentils, peas or chickpeas. If you are adding real peas to a raw diet for additional fibre, this should not be a problem. Raw food diets have not been implicated in causing DCM.

We can test for blood taurine levels, unfortunately blood taurine concentration does not indicate the intracellular taurine level, which is what is important. Also, carnitine (another amino acid important in heart function) is involved in heart function. The absorption of both taurine and carnitine are decreased in dogs with intestinal problems (inflammatory bowel disease, etc).

For those very few dogs on vegetarian diets due to food allergies, supplementation with taurine, carnitine, vitamins and minerals are essential. Vegetables do not contain taurine, and the protein sources are from soy, lentils, peas and/or chickpeas.

Chronic Gastro-Intestinal Disease or Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Cat & dog for vitamins cp

The causes of Chronic Gastro-Intestinal Disease or Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) are many. The most common are breed predisposition, food sensitivities or allergies and intestinal biome imbalance.

There are four categories of IBD:

  • food responsive (wheat gluten or protein sensitivities, but also carbohydrates, cheese or fish, or food additives)
  • anti-microbial responsive (especially boxers, bulldogs and their mixes)
  • anti-inflammatory (immune modulating) responsive
  • non responsive.

This is a complex problem with confounding factors such as Cobalamin (Vitamin B12) deficiency, pancreatic inflammation or deficiency, anxiety, exercise levels, and so on. It is not normal for your dog or cat to vomit daily or weekly. Neither is it normal for your pet to have soft bowel movements or diarrhea daily or weekly. Working together, we can improve the intestinal health of your pet, and improve the quality of life for everyone.

Prescription Medications

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Prescription medications consist of all pharmaceuticals prescribed by Dr Kris Dyck and Dr Lea Stogdale. This includes heartworm and tick preventives but not supplements or Rx Vitamins products.

Requests for refills require 2 days’ advance notice to ensure that your pet’s prescription has been properly reviewed and prepared before you come to collect it. If you are requesting a renewal of a people pharmacy prescription, also call 2 days ahead and give the receptionist the pharmacy name and phone number, the current medication strength, dose and frequency.

Please note:  We must have examined the patient within 12 months in order to be able to prescribe or renew medications (our veterinary licenses are at risk if we do not comply).

Clipping Your Cat’s Nails

Indoor cats’ nails grow long and pointed. They become uncomfortable for people, carpet and furniture. Also a long nail can get caught and pulled — Ouch. Carpeted scratching posts do not wear down nails but are a good idea to encourage the natural scratching behaviour of cats. So, trimming your cat’s nails about monthly is a good idea.

Nail trimming is a great time to give tasty treats as rewards. Start slowly, just one nail as a time, with lots of positive pats. And don’t forget the back feet nails — they grow long too. For a tutorial, watch How to Trim Your Cat’s Nails.

Clipping Your Dog’s Nails

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Trimming Nails

The nails of many dogs become too long for many reasons, including:
– Small dogs often spend most of their time inside or on lawn grass;
– All dogs who usually walk on grass side-walks or in parks or dog parks;
– All dogs in winter — snow does not wear down nails;
– All dogs with black nails which wear down very slowly;
– Older dogs.

Keeping your dog’s nails short is more comfortable for your pet, and better for your house flooring. It is very important if your canine friend has any feet irritation such as licking due to allergies. Long toe nails increase the irritation.

If you can hear the clicking of your dog’s nails on your kitchen floor (or any hard flooring) then the nails are too long.

For a tutorial, watch How to Safety Trim a Dog’s Nails.  To learn about two really neat tips to make the procedure easier, click here.

Healthy Dog #Treats

Simple, Delicious Dog Treats – With Only 2 Ingredients

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These dog treats are tasty, healthy, inexpensive and easy to make. And they don’t have any preservatives or additives. An Aesops client came up with them when her dog couldn’t have commercial dog treats because of food sensitivities. The dog loved the homemade treats and kept asking for more.

1 cup mashed ripe banana
1 cup oats (can use 1 minute or 5 minute oats)

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Preheat the oven to 350°F.
Line a cookie sheet with parchment paper or a silicone mat.
In a bowl, mix the mashed banana and oats. Add more oats if you want a drier texture.
Roll dough into 1 inch balls and place on cookie sheet. Flatten slightly with a fork dipped in water.
Bake in 350°F oven for 15 minutes or until golden brown.
Let cool and serve!
Store in fridge for short-term, or in freezer indefinitely.

Liver Cookies for Dogs and Cats
These Liver cookies are Tried and True. The dogs keep asking for more, and even cats are crazy about them. They do not take long to make.  With many thanks to Aesops’ client Evelyn P with Zeena and Lucifer (the testers).

liver treat with dog
cat with liver treat

1 Lb. Liver
1 Egg
1 Cup Water
1 Cup Quinoa
½ Cup Tapioca or Millet flour or Buckwheat flour
1 Cup or less Flour –Chickpea, Rice, Quinoa or Potato
½ Cup Whey (or Powdered Skim Milk)
Pinch of salt
Few generous shakes of Garlic Powder
1 Capsules of 400 IU Vitamin E (d-alpha) – pricked open and squeezed

In a blender or food processor, blend the liver, water and egg.
Pour into a mixing bowl and add other ingredients — mix well (with large whisk).
Pour into a well greased non-stick cookie sheet, spread evenly.
Bake in a 350 degrees oven for 30 minutes.
Cut quickly into squares while still hot.
Store in Fridge short term, or in Freezer indefinitely.

*A generous amount of non-stick spray helps prevent sticky messes. I coated the cookie sheet with Celeb/Becel Margarine very well and had no sticking problem with the cookies. I also used a Spatula to loosen the cookies from the pan immediately after cutting them with my trusty Pizza Cutter.
*The Cats love them as much as the Dogs, so you might want to make extra if you have both in your house.

yam chips

Yam Chips
Slice a yam in 2-3 mm or 1/8th inch thick slices. Coat lightly with olive oil flavoured with  a few shakes of ground cumin, coriander, garlic, salt and black pepper. An easy way to do this is to pour the oil and spices into a large  sealable  plastic bag, add the slices and shake. Place slices in a single layer on aluminium foil coated with cooking spray, and bake at 400 F for about 30 minutes or until golden brown, turning the chips once. Any slices that remain after the humans have tasted, tested and tried can be used for dog treats.

Heartworm Prevention#Heartworm

Heartworm prevention should be administered once a month from the end of May until the end of October. Heartworm prevention works for the previous 4 weeks, thus the need to continue to the end of October. Aesops clients may collect their dogs’ Heartgard package from St. Vital Veterinary Hospital.

Please phone well in advance to enable the staff to have the heartworm prevention tablets ready for you to collect. You will need to know the approximate current weight of your dog. Interceptor heartworm prevention tablets are now available for dogs who react adversely to Heartgard.

Heartgard is a prescription medication, so your dog must be a current patient, ie have been seen by Dr Stogdale or Dr Dyck in 2019 or 2020 (MVMA professional regulations).

Tick & Lyme Disease Prevention

There are two common ticks in Manitoba. The dog tick (on the right) which gets large and the deer tick (on the left) which always stays small. It is the deer tick that transmits Lyme Disease, and it is Lyme Disease that is the medical problem. While most dogs that get infected with the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria, that is the cause of Lyme Disease, do not develop anything more serious than a few days of not feeling well, the occasional dog develops serious kidney or heart disease, or arthritis in many joints. It is these serious complications that we are trying to prevent. The best way to prevent Lyme Disease is to remove all ticks from your dogs every evening. If this is not possible, then using a product that kills the ticks within 24 hours is advisable. The ticks require 48 hours of attachment before they can transmit the Lyme bacteria to your pet.

Reasons for owners being unable to remove all ticks every day include:

  • the dog is hairy, or has a dark coat
  • the dog is very active and won’t sit still for tick inspection
  • the dog picks up a large number of ticks
  • the owner is too busy.

There are a variety of products available for killing ticks. At this time there are no natural products that are effective. Simparica once a month tablet seems to give the safest and most effective prevention. We recommend that you give a tablet when the ticks start, and repeat when necessary. Tick activity depends on the temperature, day and night, and hence is unpredictable. Sometimes we have ticks during May, June and July. In other years, only during May. And in some years the ticks reappear in September.

Aesops clients may collect their dogs’ Simparica, or other anti-tick products, from St Vital Veterinary Hospital — due to COVID-19 please phone well in advance to enable the staff to have the tick prevention tablets ready for you to collect. You will need to know the approximate current weight of your dog. Simparica is a prescription medication, so your dog must be a current patient, ie have been seen by Dr Stogdale or Dr Dyck in 2019 or 2020 (MVMA professional regulations).

Hypothyroidism in Dogs

Dr. Jean Dodds of  Hemopet presented the latest information about Hypothyroidism in dogs at the recent conference of the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Conference. In addition to the expected signs of weight gain, decreased activity and thinning hair coat, she discussed the aberrant behaviour that is caused by low thyroid levels. Dogs in the age group from puberty to young adults, especially certain breeds, that show aspects of aggression, seizures, erratic temperament, depression, fearfulness, phobias, anxiety, submissiveness, compulsiveness or irritability may be hypothyroid. There are many other physical and behavioural changes associated with hypothyroidism.

Excess intake of iodine can suppress thyroid function. This includes supplementing with kelp or seaweed.

The most accurate diagnosis of hypothyroidism in the dog is to do a complete thyroid screen, on a single blood sample, that includes: Total T4, Free T4, Total T3, Free T3 and thyroid auto-antibodies. Dr. Stogdale sends her samples, with a thorough history, down to Hemopet in California to gain the benefit of Dr. Dodds’ interpretation and comments. Return to the TOP of this page

Pet Anxiety – Thunderstorms or Travelling

Some of our dogs and cats become extremely anxious either with the onset of our prairie thunderstorms, or travelling in a vehicle or visiting their veterinarian. Previously, we have given some of these pets sedatives. The problem here is that the pet is sleepy but still anxious. When they are anxious or panicking, they are unable to learn anything but especially unable to learn that this situation is not a problem or a threat to them. There are several options for decreasing this anxiety level, reducing the unpleasant experience to a tolerable or even enjoyable event.

These all need to be given to the pet at the onset of the storm or one hour before travelling:

— Children’s Gravol (an antihistamine) or ginger reduces travel sickness

— Homeopathic remedies for loud noises, travelling or general anxiety

— Rescue Remedy (a Bach Flower Remedy mixture) for mild levels of anxiety

Prescription Medications

— Rx Alprazolam “Xanax” is a short-acting Benzodiazepam (Valium family).

–Rx Gabapentin has anti-anxiety and nerve pain analgesic actions.

We can prescribe either Rx Alprazolam or Rx Gabapentin. These medications are effective at reducing anxiety. They are short-acting and have no adverse side-effects. By reducing the anxiety level of your pet in stressful situations, you allow your pet to learn that there is no danger, to relax and to gradually reduce the need for the medication. If you think your pet could benefit from this approach, please phone for an appointment with Dr. Stogdale or Dr. Dyck at Aesops Veterinary Care, 204-487-4744.

Watch the video of the interview to find out more.

Vaccine Titre Tests Validated

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In a recent lecture by Dr. Richard Ford (the expert on pet vaccinations), he stated that “a positive antibody test result for Distemper and Parvovirus does correlate with protection.” It is nice to know that there is no reason for the titre tests to be questioned by veterinarians or by doggy day care, grooming or boarding personnel. Unfortunately, rabies titres are not recognized as a legal index of immunity so we still have to vaccinate dogs, outdoor cats and those pets crossing the international border with a rabies vaccine every three years.

The Canine Aging Brain

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Senility or Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome (CDS) affects many older dogs and the occasional very aged cat. Both the severity and frequency increase with age. About 10% of dogs over the age of 10 years show some signs, and about half of dogs over 15 years are affected. This is not just aging or less activity and sleeping more. CDS causes brain pathology and is progressive and irreversible.

The signs of CDS are one or more of — disorientation (acting lost, staring into space, getting stuck), changes in social interactions (seeking more or less attention, irritable), disturbance in sleep-wake cycle (pacing, vocalizing at night), house soiling (loss of memory of habits), pacing, and/or anxiety. Any of these signs have medical as well as mental causes, so we need to eliminate organ disease and discomfort, especially due to arthritis.

Our aim is to treat or control any medical problems, relieve pain and improve the quality of life for both the pet and the family.

The management of CDS includes a number of supplements. Various ‘brain’ diets with varying combinations of supplements showed improvements in cognitive function of dogs. This may indicate that dry dog foods have inadequate levels of vitamins, anti-oxidants and omega 3’s for older dogs. Senior canine diets are no better.

Renal Essentials for Dogs

In general, to support the brain of your older dog you can add a multi-vitamin and mineral such as Rx Essentials for Dogs (available on the shelf at Aesops Vet Care), some omega 3’s (EPA and DHA) as salmon or tuna or concentrated cold water fish oil (available over the counter from your regular pharmacy), and some medium chain fatty acids in the form of coconut oil. Be careful adding oils to your dog’s food as they can increase the tendency to diarrhea or pancreatitis.

Remember Me? Loving Care for a Dog with Canine Cognitive Dysfunction

Remember Me

Aesops received a book gift from a client whose dog, a long term patient, had developed Canine Cognitive Dysfunction. This owner found this little book to be very useful in managing her dog.

Remember Me? Loving Care for a Dog with Canine Cognitive Dysfunction by Eileen Anderson. Bright Friends Publications. 2015. 145 pp ISBN978-1-943634-01-9

Canine cognitive dysfunction (CCD) occurs in our older pets, generally 15 years or more. The author managed her own dog with CCD for 2 years and she researched the scientific literature. She gives advice to owners about coping with their own pets. The writing is straightforward and readable.

Throughout the 11 chapters, the story of her dog personizes the information with clear photos of the signs. The various therapeutic approaches are described: prescription drugs, specialty diets and supplements. The author provides useful information for arranging the house, setting up routines and enrichment activities.

Challenges such as difficulties with eating, drinking, elimination, sleeping and so on are discussed, and coping strategies are described. Importantly, the author provides owners with advice about keeping themselves healthy, emotionally and physically, quality of life and euthanasia.

This book is an easy read, indexed and a valuable resource for owners of aging dogs with CCD.

At Aesops, we encourage owners to learn about and understand their pet’s diagnosis, management and outcome. This includes helping clients to obtain useful information from the web.

computer dog and cat

— First, you need a diagnosis. Frustration follows if you Google search for “sore knee” or “vomiting.” You will find more information when searching for a specific scientific term such as “ruptured cranial cruciate ligament, dog.” or “pancreatitis, dog”. Dr. Dyck or Dr. Stogdale will write down the specific diagnosis for you.

— Second, there are many responsible, informed and accurate websites. There are also many blogs and testimonials that relate one owner’s experience with one veterinarian with their one pet. These are often verbose, emotional, lack a specific confirmed diagnosis and inaccurate.

Here are some websites that we have found useful, accurate and readable:

√ Reliable disease, medication and supplement information, both for dogs, cats and people:

Yes really. Dr. Stogdale uses Wiki frequently. Some listings are excellent and fully informative, some are just way too technical, some contain more information than is needed, and others are too brief and incomplete. However, Dr. Stogdale has not found any seriously misleading information which cannot be said of many other websites, especially blogs.

√ Reliable pet health information and resources:

The Veterinary Information Network provides online pet health information and resources in its Veterinary Partners client education website.

√ Reliable human health information including on complementary medicine and supplements:

The Mayo Clinic website provides responsible and reliable information for human health issues.

In addition, the web sites listed below provide a variety of views, opinions and recommendations. While we don’t necessarily agree with all of the opinions or approaches, many are similar to ours.

It is our recommendation that you consult with a nutritionally informed veterinarian before switching your pet to a home-prepared diet or supplement regime. If your pet has health issues any changes should be made under the supervision of a veterinarian.

Dog Training

The Gold Lead
Paws Dog Solutions

CARE (Cat Advocacy Rescue & Education) is a nonprofit organization that partners with the Winnipeg Humane Society to spay/neuter stray and owned cats of low income families within the City of Winnipeg.

Pet Product Recalls. These websites have up-to-date information on product recalls for pet food.

People Food that is Poisonous to Dogs. The most common foods that are poisonous to dogs are chocolate, grapes and onions. A more complete list is available on the ASPCA

New Classification and Therapy for Kidney Disease in Dogs and Cats. This is the official website for the International Renal Interest Society. This is the group of specialist veterinarians that sub-specialize in kidney diseases in dogs and cats. Hence this website is fairly complex and technical but it is the basis upon which we now classify kidney diseases and also how we now manage the patients.

Feeding Cats for Health and Longevity. “Dr Lisa Pierson’s excellent website on Feeding Your Cat” and “Dr Deb Zoran’s seminal article on Nutrition in Cats” explain why cats should be fed meat diets (raw, cooked or canned) and not carbohydrate-containing dry cat food.

Kidney Disease in Cats. “Tanya’s Comprehensive Guide to Feline Chronic Kidney Disease” and “Feline CRF Information Center” contain lots and lots and lots of information. The explanations are clear and most of the statements are correct.

Diabetic Cat Management and Recovery
We are starting to use a different insulin in cats that is reliably absorbed, long acting and giving better results – more recoveries or better stabilization with lower doses. This insulin is sold as Levemir. Information about the use of Levemir in cats is available at ‘petdiabetes.’

“Tilly’s” homepage — a nice fuzzy-warm story about a cat who recovered from her diabetes with the help of the correct diet, Lantus insulin and advice from Dr Lea Stogdale (the Canadian vet mentioned), plus some (relatively) compact advice.

Complementary Veterinary Medicine The Veterinary Institute of Integrative Medicine

American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Canadian Veterinary Medical Association
Manitoba Veterinary Medical Association
St Vital Veterinary Hospital

Crate training cp

Kennel Training Your Puppy

This is often “the most important thing you told me”, clients say. Puppies should be trained to be in their kennel both when you are out and when you are at home. You may not think you need to do this given your present life style. “My husband is at home with the pup all the time.” However, life happens: people get sick, there are medical appointments to attend, birthday parties to enjoy, or even a grandchild who doesn’t like the bouncy dog.

Start positively by giving a favourite treat in the kennel, or even a meal. With a favourite toy, shut the door and leave for a few minutes. Only let the pup out when he is quiet. Gradually extend the time that the pup spends in the kennel. Sometimes a radio quietly playing soothes the pup in a kennel. Don’t forget to train the pup to accept being in a kennel when you are out of the house, when you are at home, and when you are asleep.

Puppy and dog trainers have much experience and good advice. You can also watch Crate Training Your Puppy Doesn’t Have To Be Stressful! or check out another video from this crate training series playlist.

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